Motorsport Sponsorship

This page was last edited on at

Sports sponsorship is a longstanding and effective form of indirect advertising for the tobacco industry, particularly in terms of increasing the uptake of smoking among young people.12 Motorsports are particularly appealing because of their association with adventure, excitement, glamour and risk.345

This page covers tobacco industry sponsorship of Formula One (F1) and Motorcycle Racing. Reports from Formula Money commissioned by STOP look at the value and activities of tobacco company involvement in Formula One in 2019/2020 and 2020/2021. It estimates that the total value of tobacco sponsorship over the years is US$4.5bn with spending in 2021 at the same level as 2006 – when the industry was supposed to be banned from such activity. The industry continued its activities despite Covid-19 causing F1 races to be suspended, as explained in this section. Its use of influencers to support its sponsorship is analysed here on the page. New promotional activities since 2020 are outlined in this section of the page (including the latest evidence from Formula Money) as well as details on the growing numbers of young F1 fans exposed to tobacco branding through sponsorship activities.


In the 1970s and 1980s tobacco advertising in motorsports involved widespread direct branding, with cigarette logos on cars, motorbikes, team uniforms and trackside advertising, largely to gain brand exposure via TV coverage.267 When restrictions on this type of advertising were introduced in some countries in the 1990s and early 2000s, tobacco companies began to use more creative methods to get around the rules,3 such as British American Tobacco’s (BAT) ‘dark market’ logos (see below).2

After the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), banned “all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship” in 2005,8 and with the increasingly global nature of TV coverage and consequent bans on cross-border advertising, companies were forced to remove all cigarette branding. However, sponsorship of motorsports continued, maintaining opportunities for indirect advertising and cross-promotion throughout the 2000s.23 The reported cumulative total TV audience (the number of those watching over the year) for Formula 1 (F1) alone was 1.9 billion in 2019.9 Brazil, Germany, Italy, the UK and the Netherlands had audiences larger than 100 million, with big increases in Poland, the Middle East and North Africa from the previous year.9 Estimates vary, but between 350 and 500 million individual fans watch F1 races globally.910 While the majority watch on TV, the numbers of people watching on other devices, and through streaming services, is growing.10

From 2018, some tobacco companies adopted a new approach to motorsports’ sponsorship, with Philip Morris International (PMI) and BAT using corporate mission statements and associated branding to link their ‘potentially reduced risk’ products to Formula One (F1) and Grand Prix motorcycle (MotoGP) racing teams. Public relations statements from the tobacco companies focus on corporate social responsibility (CSR), and technological collaboration and innovation, rather than product brands.

In March 2019, the WHO issued a statement urging governments to enforce existing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, particularly in motorsports.1112

Formula One

In early 2019 there were several high profile launches of F1 cars branded with tobacco company slogans, reflecting new, and renewed, sponsorship deals. International TV coverage of F1 events, and criticism from public health advocates, shone a light on the industry’s new approach. This led to investigations by Australian and European Union (EU) authorities for potential breaches of tobacco advertising regulations.1314

Screengrab of main page Mission Winnow website, accessed November 2018

The tobacco industry has had a long and close association with F1 motor racing. In the 1970s and 1980s several companies advertised their cigarette brands with full branding and product logos on F1 cars and drivers’ uniforms, including PMI advertising Marlboro on red Ferraris, and Imperial Tobacco with John Player Special.215 In the mid-1980s, Barrie Gill, then CEO of Championship Sports Specialists Ltd., a sports sponsorship company, explained why F1 was such a good fit for the tobacco industry:

“It’s the ideal sport for sponsorship. It’s got glamour and worldwide television coverage. It’s a 10 – month activity involving 16 races in 14 countries with drivers from 16 nationalities. After football it’s the Number One multinational sport. It’s got total global exposure, total global hospitality, total media coverage and 600 million people watching it on TV every fortnight … It’s macho, it’s excitement, it’s colour, it’s international, it’s glamour … They’re there to get visibility. They’re there to sell cigarettes.”7

In the 1990s, with the introduction of tobacco advertising restrictions in key countries where races were to be held, and televised globally, companies became more creative to get around the rules. BAT, for example, began “designing ‘global dark market logos’” which used the colour and design of key cigarettes brands but not their names.2 Concerned that prestigious and lucrative F1 races would be moved to countries with fewer advertising restrictions in place, some governments, including the UK, granted advertising ban exemptions.31617

In 2001, with the WHO FCTC being negotiated, the International Automobile Federation (FIA, Federation Internationale de L’Automobile),18 F1’s governing body, voted to ban tobacco advertising in the sport.1920 After withdrawing its decision in 2003,21 the FIA finally implemented a recommendation against tobacco advertising at the end of 2006. Although this fell short of a ban, tobacco branding became largely absent from F1.22 In 2010, Ferrari, at the time the only F1 team still sponsored by a tobacco company, was forced to remove all of its remaining ‘barcode’ logos after being accused of using subliminal advertising for Marlboro cigarettes.22324 However the president of Ferrari dismissed the claim as “nonsense” and Philip Morris’ sponsorship of the sport continued.225

Tobacco Sponsorship of F1 Criticised and Investigated

In February 2019, the European Union’s Health, Food Safety and Energy Union department started investigating sponsorship deals between tobacco companies and F1 teams, and the use of new corporate statements on cars and uniforms.2627 Eight out of the 21 Grand Prix races were scheduled to be held in European countries that year.28

When issuing its statement one month later, just before the Australian Grand Prix, the WHO pointed out that the FCTC Article 13 ban covers “activities with the effect or likely effect of promoting a tobacco product or tobacco use either directly or indirectly”. They criticised BAT for previously stating that its partnership with McLaren would give it a “global platform to drive greater resonance of certain products, including glo, a heated tobacco product”.11 The WHO said this indicated that “the company’s intent is to promote tobacco use”.11 They also noted that PMI had registered the ‘Mission Winnow’ logo as a trademark “including for use with respect to tobacco products”.11 Although PMI later revised the trademark, it remained active in respect of heated tobacco products (HTPs).2930 (See below for BAT’s 2020 registration).

The WHO emphasised that the ban included “hosting or receiving broadcasts of Formula 1 and MotoGP events” with “preventative action” potentially including preventing the screening of events.11 The President of the FIA, the governing body of F1, backed the WHO’s position saying that the two organisations were “aligned very closely” in relation to tobacco advertising.31 This followed an earlier statement that, since 2006, the FIA had “strongly opposed the presence of any advertising or sponsorship for cigarettes or tobacco products in connection with its championships and nothing has changed to that approach.”32 However they did not agree to reconsider sponsorship of teams by tobacco companies.33

In May 2019, media reports stated that F1 was in talks with Morocco with a view to holding a Grand Prix race in the country.3435 This would be the first race to be held in Morroco since 1958, and the first in Africa since 1993 (when the Johannesburg Grand Prix was held in South Africa).  In June 2020, it was reported that well-known Mercedes team driver Lewis Hamilton was “really pushing” F1 for the race to be held in Africa.36 Were this push to succeed, it would represent a significant marketing opportunity for tobacco companies in Africa.

In spring 2019, there was widespread criticism of tobacco companies for their flouting of advertising rules, and for Formula One for allowing this activity to continue.373839 However, governments also need to act to tighten legislation.

In Australia, the health minister in the state of Victoria, home to the Melbourne Grand Prix,  announced in August 2019 that it would close a loophole in its legislation to prevent the “sneaky tactics” used by tobacco companies to circumvent existing laws.4041 The amendment was passed into law in October 2019.42

Philip Morris and Ferrari

Ferrari is the most valuable F1 team in the world, worth US$1.3 billion in 2017,43 and the most successful in terms of race wins.44 PMI has had a long relationship with Ferrari that started in 1984,45 and the tobacco company’s cigarette brand Marlboro has been Ferrari’s title sponsor since 1997,24647 after switching from McLaren in 1996.1548

Senior PMI board members have been on the board of Ferrari, and vice versa. For example, in July 2018, PMI non-executive Chairman Louis C. Camilleri was appointed Ferrari’s Chief Executive Officer, following the death of Ferrari’s chairman Sergio Marchionne.49 Marchionne had been a member of the PMI Board until his death.5051 Ferrari was headed by former Philip Morris marketing executive Maurizio Arrivabene until January 2019.52

In September 2017, Philip Morris renewed its partnership with Ferrari,4647 a sponsorship deal which Sports Pro Magazine had previously estimated cost the tobacco company in the region of US$160 million a year.46 Estimates from 2018 put the annual figure around $50 million per year.53 In 2020, motorsport website GP Fans estimated that the company has spent US$625 million sponsoring F1 over the previous decade.54

In 2018, Ferrari and PMI announced their new promotional campaign called “Mission Winnow”.55 PMI’s CEO André Calantzopoulos announced that “Through Mission Winnow we want to let the world know how we have changed, to share our pride in the transformation that people of PMI have achieved as well as our dedication to rigorous science and innovation that can lead to a better future”,56 indicating that this campaign was more about presenting an image of corporate social responsibility than sport.

The Mission Winnow logo had first appeared on Scuderia Ferrari’s cars and drivers’ uniforms at the Japanese Grand Prix in October 2018 when it was criticized as a form of marketing for Marlboro, due to the similarity of the design in shape and colour,2457 leading to an investigation by the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA).13 After separate investigations by the Australian Department of Health and the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services,14 in March 2019 the Mission Winnow branding was dropped from Ferrari’s official team name and cars ahead of the first event of the year, the Australian Grand Prix.58 According to Ferrari Chief Executive, and PMI chairman, Louis C. Camilleri “There were problems with the Department of Health and Philip Morris did not have time to find a solution”.59 He went on to say that “Winnow is not a brand, however. It has nothing to do with tobacco but is about the transition from cigarettes to electronic (products)”.59

Camilleri’s statement was echoed by PMI’s Director of Global Communication, Tommaso di Giovanni, who claimed that “Mission Winnow is a window to the new Philip Morris International and our partners, to our commitment and the stimuli that drive us to improve and evolve. And to contribute to the progress of society”.60 The Mission Winnow branding was back on the car and drivers’ clothing at the Azerbaijan race at the end of April.

In June 2019 Jacek Olczak, Chief Operating Officer at PMI, was quoted as saying, in response to critics:

“We put Mission Winnow on the car and somebody told us it looks like Marlboro. I said, ‘Look, I think you should go to a doctor, OK?’”61

After a period of ‘on-off’ branding in both F1 and MotoGP (see below), in June 2019 PMI were reported to be considering removing the Mission Winnow branding entirely for the remainder of the season.62 Although several races were cancelled or postponed in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, PMI appeared to adopt the same branding approach.63

Other promotional and CSR activity by PMI around F1 has helped to raise the profile of this initiative. For example it published a book called Winnow Your Words: Kimi’s Book of Haiku, written by Ferrari team member Kimi Raikkonen64 (who at the time had over 1.3 million followers on Instagram). It was presented at the Japanese Grand Prix in October 2018, and subsequently sold by Autosport Media to raise funds for charity. The book is a collection of the driver’s “words of wisdom” written as Haiku, a traditional form or Japanese poetry, and the Mission Winnow logo appears prominently on the cover.65

At the Monaco Grand Prix in May 2019, PMI paid for and hosted an event on a luxury yacht, where celebrities and corporate guests, in addition to being given meals and entertainment, could meet Formula 1 Ferrari drivers Sebastian Vettel and Charles Leclerc.66 Vettel was also present at an “exclusive breakfast” in August 2019, organised by PMI’s insurance company Reviti where the subject was “making positive lifestyle choices”.67

In Italy in June 2019, PMI hosted a F1 event for military veterans at the Fiorano racing circuit. A PMI Press Release quoted Zielinski: “Being surrounded by the courage and resilience of people here today who, in their service, risked their lives and everything they held dear is inspiring to many of us at Philip Morris” .68

British American Tobacco and McLaren

Screengrab of McLaren website, accessed April 2019

McLaren is the second most successful F1 team in the world after Ferrari, in terms of race wins,44 and in 2017 was worth $640 million.43 In the 1990s and early 2000s BAT owned an F1 team (Tyrell, relaunched as British American Racing in 1999) through which it primarily promoted its Lucky Strike cigarette brand.369 The team was sold in 2006, around the time of the introduction of the FIA advertising ban, and BAT’s sponsorship of F1 appeared to have ended completely.70

However, in February 2019 McLaren announced a new sponsorship deal with BAT, launched as the “Better Tomorrow” campaign, under BAT’s “Transforming Tobacco” initiative.71 This initiative promotes BAT’s e-cigarettes(also known as electronic nicotine delivery systems, or ENDS) and heated tobacco products which BAT and McLaren portray as “potentially reduced risk”.7172 When announcing the deal both companies emphasised their technology collaboration on “batteries, advanced materials and design”,73 rather than BAT’s tobacco and nicotine products. McLaren Racing CEO Zak Brown went as far as to say that the partnership with BAT was “technology based with their newer generation products. We don’t have any relationship with the tobacco side of the business”.74

The “Better Tomorrow” branding first appeared on McLaren’s new cars at its season launch in February 2019.75 As with PMI’s “Mission Winnow” there was criticism of the BAT-McLaren deal in Australia.76 One month later, shortly before the Australian Grand Prix, McLaren announced that it would be removing BAT’s “A Better Tomorrow” branding from its cars and drivers, with BAT stating that it was “mindful of the stance that the Australian government currently takes towards potentially reduced risk products”.77 At the end of March 2019, McLaren cars appeared at the Bahrain Grand Prix with branding for Vype, BAT’s e-cigarette.7879 The branding reappeared for the Azerbaijan race at the end of April.

BAT, unlike Philip Morris, stated in an interview with Autosport in June 2019 that it remained “committed to” its Better Tomorrow branding, and would be using it “in line with local legal and regulatory environments and what makes sense for our brands”.80 The unnamed spokesperson said:

“It would be inappropriate to comment on what a competitor may or may not be doing…However we are proud of our partnership with McLaren, which is about accelerating our transforming tobacco ambition and driving awareness of our potentially reduced-risk products (PRRPs), and our on-car branding plays an important role in this.80

They also stated that the campaign had no relationship with “the tobacco side of the business”.80 “Better Tomorrow” was registered by BAT (Nicoventures) as a trademark in respect to tobacco products as well as newer nicotine and tobacco products.81

In November 2019, BAT was upgraded to “principal partner” with McLaren, which included more branding positions on the cars for 2020.82 It was reported that BAT was intending to promote its Velo nicotine pouches and Vuse e-cigarettes. It was not clear if BAT was also planning to promote its HTP glo under the Better Tomorrow branding.83

Many races were cancelled or postponed in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In those races that did run, BAT cars variously carried Better Tomorrow, Velo and/or Vuse branding, according to local advertising restrictions.84(For information on tobacco regulation around the world, see the Tobacco Control Laws website, published by the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids)

BAT extended its sponsorship reach in the US in 2020, through McLaren re-entering IndyCar.8586 By November 2021, McLaren had acquired a controlling share of the Arrow IndyCar team.87

BAT continued to promote Vuse through sponsorships and collaborations with McLaren. In November 2021, it targeted “under-represented creatives” through a collaboration with Driven by Diversity, an organisation which states that it is a “long-standing partner” of McLaren.88

Motorcycle Racing

The tobacco industry has also had a long association with motorcycle racing, although sponsorship of the sport has not attracted the same level of global media attention as F1.

PMI and Ducati

PMI has partnered with Dorna Sports S.L., which holds the global commercial rights for MotoGP, since 1992.89 In November 2018, it was announced that the agreement between the two companies had been extended until the end of 2021.9091

PMI has also been the title sponsor of the Ducati motorcycle team since 2003. In 2018 PMI’s promotional campaign “Mission Winnow” was publicly associated with Ducati,9293 and by 2019 “Mission Winnow” was listed next to PMI as the Ducati ‘Title Partner’.94 At the beginning of 2019 the Mission Winnow branding, on Ducati team motorcycles and riders’ uniforms, was revealed at an event at PMI’s Research and Development facility in Switzerland.95 Miroslaw Zielinski, PMI’s President Science and Innovation, spoke about the sponsorship agreement and focussed, as with F1, on innovation and technology rather than tobacco:“…Ducati is one of the most inspiring and resilient brands in MotoGP, with a 70-year history in racing. The team’s determination to do better every race, to think unconventionally and to continuously push the boundaries of technology perfectly exemplify Mission Winnow.”95

Ducati’s first use of the “Mission Winnow” branding at the Qatar MotoGP, in March 2019, seemed to go unnoticed and unchallenged by the media or the sport’s governing body, the International Motorcycling Federation (FIM, Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme),96 and appeared again at the second event of the season in Argentina.97 Transform Magazine reported, in an article quoting an interview with Riccardo Parino, Vice President of Global Event Partnerships at PMI, that the company used its riders as brand ambassadors to communicate with fans.98 After particular scrutiny of the branding, particularly in F1, PMI were reported in June 2019 to be considering removing the Mission Winnow branding in the Ducati team as well as Ferrari, for the rest of the season.62

On 23 January 2020, Mission Winnow branding was back on Ducati bikes, ahead of the first event of the 2020 racing season in Sepang, Malaysia on 7 February.99 However, in early 2020 it was announced that PMI was giving up its naming rights, although its sponsorship was to continue.100101

Imperial Tobacco’s Rizla

Rizla, manufacturer of cigarette papers and owned by Imperial Tobacco since 1997, has sponsored Suzuki MotorGP, the motorcycling racing team of Suzuki in the MotorGP World Championship, since 2006. In 2009 the sponsorship deal was extended for one year, reportedly for US$7 million,102 and in 2010 for a further two years.103

Since April 2016 Rizla has also sponsored the Yahama World Superbike Championship team.104 and their logos appear prominently on the team website.105

Virtual Races During Covid-19 Pandemic

In June 2020, during the Covid-19 pandemic when live F1 racing was suspended, the McLaren website hosted a computer game competition to promote BAT’s nicotine pouch Velo.106107 Entrants took part in virtual races, via the Codemasters F1 2019 game, with the final race streamed on McLaren’s YouTube channel “where a group of lucky fans took to Silverstone Circuit to race against McLaren team members and fulfil their true potential”.108 After the race, winners were featured on the Velo Instagram account.109 Entrants were asked for their log-in details for STEAM, a gaming platform available to anyone over the age of 13.110 The McLaren entry form required a date of birth, and had tick boxes to confirm that entrants were over 25 and current users of nicotine or Vype (referring to “THP” products, its “Tobacco Heated Products”).106 The terms and conditions stated that this was: “in line with BAT’s commitment to market its products responsibly and appeal only to its target consumer audience with its range of New Category product”.111 While the terms and conditions also stated that the promoter “may require” proof of eligibility, it is not known if this information was cross-checked to ensure the exclusion of younger players.111 The YouTube video of the race was age-restricted.108

Similar activity replaced cancelled MotoGP races, with promoter Dorna Sports (partnered with PMI, as detailed above) reported to have brought forward the release of its MotoGP 20 game.112 It also debuted a virtual racing platform for the season, promoted via social media.113According to “Brands that are central sponsors of MotoGP are embedded in the video game which is required to look exactly like the real race.”112

Promotion by Influencers

As well as car branding, both BAT and PMI have used influencers and celebrities, to support their F1 sponsorship campaigns.114115 PMI’s Mission Winnow launched “Project Reset” in 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The project features mostly British musicians, journalists and TV presenters in YouTube discussions about life under lockdown, creativity and innovation. This tactic is reminiscent of PMI’s PM21 branding strategy, discussed in leaked documents from 2000, when the company sought to recruit “civic leaders, women and minority communities.” To promote tobacco, saying “We need to develop relationships with them and ‘educate’ them.”116

BAT’s recruitment of influencers to promote products is more direct. During the Grand Prix in Abu Dhabi influencers posted sponsored content on Instagram promoting BAT’s Velo (also know as LYFT) and the band Rudimental performed a livestream concert at the end of the F1 season sponsored by BAT’s Vuse product.115 The Vype YouTube channel also features a broad range of celebrities, influencers and musicians from around the globe alongside McLaren sponsorship and BAT product advertising.117

New Promotional Opportunities

A report from Formula Money produced for STOP analysed tobacco industry spend on Formula One across 2020/21 and the reach of that sponsorship. The report says:

“…tobacco companies are continuing to exploit their links to the sport as F1 expands its promotional activities to increase its appeal to younger audiences and new countries are added to the race calendar. PMI and BAT have pushed tobacco sponsorship to its highest levels since 2006. Together, they are spending an estimated $105 million on F1 sponsorship in the 2021 season. This is on par with 2020, with total spending estimated at $75 million from PMI and $30 million from BAT. It is money the tobacco companies may consider well spent. The $30 million spent by BAT in 2020 earned an estimated $54 million in on-screen exposure for its brands.”118

Formula One continues to expand its global reach. In November 2020, it was announced that Saudi Arabia would host a race in November 2021, making it the third country in the region to do so, after Bahrain and the UAE.119120 In November 2020, it was announced that Saudi Arabia would host a race in November 2021, making it the third country in the region to do so, after Bahrain and the UAE.121122

The F1 calendar continues to expand and includes 23 races for the first time in 2023. Four races are in the Eastern Mediterranean region and six in the Americas (three in the U.S., and one each in Brazil, Canada and Mexico).123

Reaching Young Fans

Meanwhile cigarette companies spent an estimated 40 million US$ on F1 sponsorship in 2022, the lowest amount since 1989, mainly due to PMI reducing its spend. Nonetheless, over the lifetime of its association with F1, PMI has spent an estimated 2.4 billion US$. BAT, which sponsors the McLaren team, is currently the third biggest-spending cigarette company ever at 455.9 million US$. It looks set to become the second biggest spender of all time in 2023 if its spending trend continues.123

According to information gathered by Formula Money, two-thirds of F1 fans are aged under 45 and the majority of new fans are aged under 35. They are heavily engaged with social media where F1 has a strong and growing presence; along with its tobacco sponsors. The report says:

“From music festivals to competitions, driver conversations to glamorous parties, the STOP report sets out examples of these tobacco companies using every channel to exploit their F1 links, reaching young consumers. Where it cannot ensure its brand is featured, such as in the official F1 driving game, BAT creates an alternative: BAT and McLaren launched their own e-sports initiative, Velo Eseries, pitting celebrities against influencers.”118

According to analysis undertaken for STOP by Formula Money in 2023, The Netflix series “Drive to Survive” also helped F1 and its tobacco sponsors reach new audiences – including people who don’t otherwise watch F1 races. The report found that cigarette company branding was present in about 33% of minutes broadcast in Season 4 (covering the 2021 season). In all, an estimated 1.1 billion minutes of footage streamed around the world contained tobacco-related content, with half of all episodes in Season 4 containing tobacco-related branding in the opening minute.123

Formula Money’s research shows that “Drive to Survive” viewers were younger than F1-only viewers: About 16% of F1 fans are under age 34, while 46% of “Drive to Survive” viewers are under age 34. The show has also been credited with prompting a 30% increase in female interest in the sport.123

Netflix also broadcasts the series in countries with laws banning tobacco advertising. In its quest to expand its markets and hook new users, the tobacco industry has arguably benefited from this added exposure.123

New Colours, Same Tactics?

In early 2021, it was reported in the racing media that PMI was planning to end its partnership with Ferrari in 2022.124125 There was no confirmation of this from PMI.

In March 2021, the Ferrari car appeared in pre-test racing in Bahrain with Mission Winnow branding. The main logo appeared in bright green, achieving considerable press coverage.126127 In June 2021, Philip Morris stated that the Mission Winnow logos would not appear on F1 cars at races in European Union countries for the rest of the season.128129

Related Links

TobaccoTactics Resources

Print Friendly, PDF & Email


  1. National Cancer Institute, Monograph 19, The Role of the Media in Promoting and Reducing Tobacco Use, NCI Tobacco Control Monograph series, US Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health, 2008, accessed March 2019
  2. abcdefghiB. Grant-Braham, J. Britton, Motor racing tobacco company sponsorship, barcodes and alibi marketing, Tobacco Control, 2012; 21:529-535
  3. abcdeJ. Carlyle, J. Collin, M. E. Muggli et al., British American Tobacco and Formula One motor racing, British Medical Journal, 2004, 329:104
  4. J. Knight, S. Chapman, “Asian yuppies…are always looking for something new and different”: creating a tobacco culture among young Asians, Tobacco Control, 2004, 13:ii22-ii29
  5. R. MacKenzie, J. Collin, K. Sriwongcharoen, Thailand—lighting up a dark market: British American tobacco, sports sponsorship and the circumvention of legislation, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2007, 61:28-33
  6. T. Dewhirst, A. Hunter, Tobacco sponsorship of Formula One and CART auto racing: tobacco brand exposure and enhanced symbolic imagery through co-sponsors’ third party advertising, Tobacco Control, 2002, 11:146-150
  7. abP. Taylor, Smoke Ring: Politics of Tobacco’, 1 March 1984, The Bodley Head Ltd, pp. 101-103
  8. World Health Organization, WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Geneva 2005
  9. abcF1 broadcast to 1.9 billion total audience in 2019,, 21 January 2020, accessed July 2020
  10. abC. Sylt, How Many People Really Watch Formula One Online?, Forbes, 27 September 2018, accessed April 2019
  11. abcdeWorld Health Organization, Who urged governments to enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, including in motor sport, WHO statement, 14 March 2019, accessed March 2019
  12. Secretariat of the WHO FCTC urges Parties to ban all forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship in all motor sports, WHO press release, 13 March 2019, accessed April 2019
  13. abP. Tibke, Trouble for Philip Morris as Australia investigates Ferrari-Mission Winnow branding, Sport Business: Sponsorship, 11 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  14. abB. Hall, Philip Morris under fire for new logo on Ferrari F1 uniforms, The Age, 8 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  15. abBest cigarette liveries in F1history, Foxsports, 20 October 2016, accessed March 2019
  16. Z. Kmietowicz, UK exempts motor racing from advertising ban, British Medical Journal, 1997, 315:1251
  17. F1 changes tobacco stance, BBC Sport, 25 June 2003, accessed March 2019
  18. Federation Internationale de L’Automobile, FIA website, accessed March 2019
  19. FIA confirms ban on tobacco advertising, Motorsport, 23 November 2001, accessed March 2019
  20. Federation Internationale de L’Automobile, Tobacco Sponsorship of Motor Sport: Achieving an Effective Ban by World-Wide Agreement in 2016, FIA website, April 2002, accessed March 2019
  21. FIA withdraws tobacco ban, Motorsport, 26 June 2003, accessed March 2019
  22. Stopping Tobacco Organizations and Products, Driving Addiction: F1 and Tobacco Advertising, STOP report, July 2020
  23. A. Butler, Ferrari to remove marlboro barcode, Designboom, 7 May 2010, accessed March 2019
  24. abJ. Baker, P. Diethelm, Chevrons, barcodes and arrows: PMI’s continued subliminal promotion of combustible products, blog, Tobacco Control, 16 February 2019
  25. I. Parkes, Ferrari hit back in subliminal tobacco advertising row, Independent, 4 May 2010, accessed July 2020
  26. D. Rencken, EU: Ferrari and McLaren tobacco deals “require close examination”, Race Fans, 13 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  27. A. Ralph, European Commission puts spotlight on Formula One deal, The Times, 18 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  28. FIA, FIA Formula One, 2019 race calendar, FIA website, December 2018, accessed March 2019
  29. Philip Morris International, Recordal application: EUTM Partial Surrender ref 017961773, European Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO), 12 February 2019
  30. Philip Morris International, 017961773- Mission Winnow, European Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) trademark registration, 1 February 2019, accessed July 2020
  31. S. Impey, FIA president backs WHO call to ban tobacco firm sponsorship Black Book Motorsport, 15 March 2019, accessed March 2019
  32. A. Ralph, Is it BAT to the future for Big Tobacco and Formula One teams? The Times, 12 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  33. G. Richards, F1 has no plans to ban tobacco company sponsorship despite health calls, The Guardian, 15 March 2019, accessed April 2019
  34. Formula 1: Morocco Grand Prix talks as owners look for Africa race, BBC, 17 May 2019, accessed July 2020
  35. Associated Press, Formula One in talks to stage new grand prix in Marrakech, The Guardian, 16 May 2019, accessed July 2019
  36. S. Ballard, Lewis Hamilton ‘really pushing’ F1 to bring in race not held since 1993, Express, 28 June 2020, accessed July 2020
  37. Action on Smoking and Health, Why Big Tobacco sponsors Formula 1, ASH blog, 2 May 2019, accessed July 2020
  38. J. Doward, Tobacco firms accused of using Formula One to flout ads ban on e-cigarettes, The Guardian, 11 May 2019, accessed July 2020
  39. Smoke and mirrors: new tobacco products and Formula 1, The Lancet, editorial, 16 May 2019, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(19)31087-6
  40. B. Preiss, New laws to stamp out ‘sneaky’ tobacco advertising, The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 August 2019, accessed July 2020
  41. Quit Victoria, Health organisations commend action on tobacco advertising by Andrews Government, press release, 12 September 2019, accessed July 2020
  42. Victoria State Government, Health Legislation Amendment and Repeal Bill 2019, 22 October 2019
  43. abF. Smith, Formula One Team Values: Liberty Seems Ready To Get F1 Back On Track, Forbes, 22 November 2017, accessed March 2019
  44. abWhich F1 team has the most race wins, GP Hub, accessed March 2019
  45. Philip Morris International, Letter from Louis C. Camilleri to PMI stockholders dated 26 March 2009, accessed October 2017
  46. abcPhilip Morris renews Ferrari sponsorship on the quiet, ESPN, 14 May 2015, accessed September 2017
  47. abL. Edmondson, Ferrari renews Philip Morris partnership, ESPN, 4 September 2017, accessed September 2017
  48. Marlboro to end McLaren sponsorship,, 8 May 1996, accessed April 2019
  49. V. Silver, Ferrari Enlists Philip Morris Veteran Camilleri as Next CEO, Bloomberg News, 21 July 2018, accessed November 2018
  50. Philip Morris International, Board of Directors, undated, accessed October 2017
  51. Ferrari, Board of Directors, undated, accessed October 2017
  52. G. Richards, Ferrari replace team principal Maurizio Arrivabene after poor season, The Guardian, 7 January 2019, accessed March 2019
  53. C. Sylt, Revealed: Ferrari’s $2 billion sponsorship haul, Forbes, 30 June 2019, accessed July 2019
  54. S. Hall, Which sponsors have spent the most with Formula 1 in the past decade?, 24 April 2020, accessed July 2020
  55. Philip Morris International, Mission Winnow’, Mission Winnow website, undated, accessed March 2019
  56. PMI and Scuderia Ferrari Look to the Future with Mission Winnow. A Shared Pursuit for Excellence and Innovation Drive Long-Running Partnership, Businesswire, 3 October 2018, accessed November 2018
  57. D. George, Ferrari Could Land into Sponsorship Trouble in Opening Race, Essentially Sports, 8 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  58. S. Impey, Ferrari removes mission winnow FIA entry, Sports Pro Media, 4 March 2019, accessed March 2019
  59. abA. Baldwin, Ferrari to drop Mission Winnow branding at Australian GP, Reuters, 5 March 2019, accessed March 2019
  60. G. Testi, Philip Morris unfazed by Ferrari F1 sponsorship investigation, Motorsport, 9 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  61. J.Torrance, Marlboro-maker Philip Morris lashes out at critics of Formula 1 adverts, The Telegraph, 2 June 2019, accessed July 2019
  62. abJ. Noble, Ferrari, Ducati may drop Mission Winnow logos for the rest of 2019, Motorsport, 19 June 2019, accessed July 2019
  63. Formula 1, F1 Schedule 2020, website, accessed August 2020
  64. BBC Sport, Kimi Raikkonen’s words turned into book of Haikus, BBC, 18 December 2018, accessed March 2019
  65. S. Mitchell, More than half of Winnow your Words: Kimi’s book of Haiku copies sold, Autosport, 5 December 2018, accessed March 2019
  66. J.Torrance, What does the future hold for the world’s tobacco companies?, The Telegraph, 2 June 2019, accessed July 2019
  67. Reviti, Vettel shares life choice insights on insurance circuit,, 2 August 2019, accessed July 2020
  68. Philip Morris International, Military Veterans Experience the Thrill of Ferrari F1 with Philip Morris International, PMI Press Release, 28 June 2019, accessed July 2019
  69. O. Gill, British American Tobacco strikes first sports sponsorship deal in 13 years, The Telegraph, 11 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  70. S. Mitchell, Ex BAR team owner BAT back to F1 with McLaren, Autosport, 11 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  71. abBritish American Tobacco, Press Release: British American Tobacco partners globally with McLaren, BAT website, 11 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  72. McLaren, British American Tobacco, McLaren website, 11 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  73. A. Baldwin, Tobacco Giant Returns to Formula One with McLaren, Reuters, 11 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  74. M. Beer, McLaren has defended its decision to form a partnership with British American Tobacco for the 2019 Formula 1 season, Motorsport, 14 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  75. J. Galloway, M. Morlidge, McLaren launch 2019 Formula 1 car, the MCL34, Sky Sports, 14 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  76. B. Hall, Big Tobacco Quietly Races Back into Grand Prix Sponsorship Deals, The Age, 15 February 2019, accessed March 2019
  77. I. Ransom, McLaren to race without BAT logo in Australia, Reuters, 14 March 2019, accessed March 2019
  78. K. Collatine, D. Rencken, McLaren debut e-cigarette branding in Bahrain, Race Fans, 27 March 2019, accessed March 2019
  79., 2019 Bahrain Grand Prix – Qualifying, McLaren website, 30 March 2019, accessed April 2019
  80. abcJ. Noble, BAT insists McLaren F1 deal continues amid Ferrari Winnow questions, Autosport, 21 June 2019, accessed July 2019
  81. Nicoventures Holdings Ltd, 018211785-A Better Tomorrow, European Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) trademark registration, 13 March 2020, accessed July 2020
  82. M. Glendenning, BAT upgrades to Principal Partner with McLaren F1, sponsors Indycar entry for 2020,, 29 November 2019, accessed July 2020
  83. T. Mulier, BAT Expands Formula 1 Sponsorship to Boost Smoking Alternatives, 27 November 2019, accessed July 2020 (paywall)
  84. McLaren, 2020 Races, website, accessed March 2020
  85. T. Bassam, McLaren make full-time IndyCar return, SportsPro, 9 August 2019, accessed July 2020
  86. McLaren’s 2020 IndyCar entry revealed, ESPN, 7 February 2020, accessed July 2020
  87. D. Malsher-Lopez, McLaren completes purchase of majority stake in Arrow McLaren SP,, 29 November 2021, accessed November 2021
  88. L. Orridge, Driven by Diversity working with Vuse x McLaren Racing, blog, Driven by Diversity website, 29 November 2021, accessed November 2021
  89. Philip Morris International, Philip Morris International and Dorna Switch Gears in Quest for a World without Tobacco Smoke, Media Release 17 November 2018, accessed November 2018
  90. R. Lucio, Philip Morris extends partnership with Dorna Sports, Inside FMCG, 19 November 2018, accessed November 2018
  91. PMI and Dorna Extend Partnership, Tobacco Asia, 22 December 2018, accessed September 2020
  92. Ducati, Mission Winnow Ducati Corse, Ducati website, undated, accessed March 2019
  93. F. Nugnes, Ducati could run e-cig branding in 2018 moto GP series, Autosport Moto, 17 January 2018, accessed March 2019
  94. Ducati, Ducati team partners and sponsors, Ducati website, undated, accessed March 2019
  95. abThe 2019 Mission Winnow Ducati Team Presented at Neuchatel, Moto GP, 18 January 2019, accessed March 2019
  96. Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme, FIM website, accessed March 2019
  97. Andrea Dovizioso (3rd) claims yet another podium at the Argentina Grand Prix; strong comeback by Petrucci (6th) News Patrolling, 1 April 2019, accessed April 2019
  98. B. Golob, Racing toward a smoke-free future, Transform Magazine, 29 July 2019, accessed July 2020
  99. L. Duncan, M. Nugnes, Ducati unveils 2020 MotoGP livery, 23 January 2020, accessed January 2020
  100. S. Carp, Ducati MotoGP team call up Lenovo as title sponsor, SportsPro, 12 February 2021, accessed March 2021
  101. Ducati, The 2021 Ducati Lenovo Team presented online, website, 9 February 2021, accessed March 2021
  102. Suzuki rolls up a new MotoGP title deal with Rizla, Sportspromedia, 17 March 2009, accessed November 2018
  103. Suzuki and Rizla keep partnership, Motorsport, 2 February 2010, accessed November 2018
  104. J. Emmett, Making paper: Pata Yamaha WorldSBK team sign Rizla Sponsorship, Sportspromedia, 4 April 2016, accessed November 2018
  105. Yamaha Riders Target the Podium as WorldSBK lands in Europe, Yamaha Racing website, accessed March 2019
  106. abFan race time trial, McLaren website, 7 June 2020, text archived 9 June 2020, accessed June 2020
  107. S.Schrader, Odd: McLaren Has a Virtual Race for ‘Nicotine Consumers’ This Month, The Drive, 7 June 2020, accessed March 2021
  108. abMcLaren, VELO x McLaren virtual race, YouTube, 12 June 2020, accessed June 2020
  109. British American Tobacco/Nicoventures,, Instagram account, accessed July 2020
  110. Steam Subscriber Agreement, STEAM website, accessed June 2020
  111. abMcLaren Terms And Conditions: VELO x McLaren Racing Virtual Fan Race competition, 26 May 2020, accessed June 2020
  112. abM. Glendinning, MotoGP’s central sponsors stay loyal amid disrupted 2020 season,, 8 April 2020, accessed July 2020
  113. M. Ross, MotoGP launches #StayAtHomeGP virtual racing, Spanish GP postponed, 26 March 2010, accessed July 2020
  114. Mission Winnow, Project Reset, YouTube, accessed March 2021
  115. abM. Chapman, New products, old tricks? Concerns big tobacco is targeting youngsters, The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, February 2021, accessed March 2021
  116. CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS PLAN 20000000 U.S. EXTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS, February 2000, Truth Tobacco Industry Documents, Bates no: 2083494010-2083494026, accessed January 2021
  117. Vype, Vype channel, YouTube, accessed March 2021
  118. abFormula Money, Driving Addiction: Tobacco Sponsorship in Formula One, 2021,, 25 August 2021, accessed August 2021
  119. Saudi Arabian GP to join Formula 1 calendar from 2021 season, Sky Sports, 6 November 2020, accessed November 2020
  120. Formula 1, Schedule 2021, website, accessed March 202
  121. Saudi Arabian GP to join Formula 1 calendar from 2021 season, Sky Sports, 6 November 2020, accessed November 2020
  122. Formula 1, Schedule 2021, website, accessed March 202
  123. abcdeFormula Money, F1, Netflix and Cigarette Company Advertising, 2023,, 8 March 2023, accessed March 2023
  124. Ferrari del 2022: Probabile fine del rapport con Philip Morris (Ferrari: From 2022 probably end of the relationship with Philip Morris),, 18 February 2021, accessed March 2021 (in Italian)
  125. Ferrari likely to end partnership with Philip Morris from 2022,, 18 February 2021, accessed March 2021
  126. Ferrari sponsor explains surprise change to bright green logo,,11 March 2021, accessed March 2021
  127. Formula, Atmosphere at Ferrari already better after ‘strange’ 2020, says Leclerc, 15 March 2021, accessed March 2021
  128. J. Noble, Ferrari removes Mission Winnow logos for EU F1 races, 18 June 2021, accessed June 2021
  129. E. Blackstock, Mission Winnow Removes Logo From Ferrari, Cites ‘Mistrust’ In Tobacco Industry, 20 June 2021, accessed June 2021