- Pesticides

Since tobacco is usually grown in monocultures, the crop is more vulnerable to pests and diseases, necessitating farmers to use a large amount of fertilisers, herbicides and pesticides in order to maintain a crop yield that can make a living wage. Some commonly used pesticides in tobacco production include imidacloprid and methyl bromide, which are both highly toxic to insects – including to bees and other pollinators, ozone-depleting and have the potential to leak into groundwater where they contaminate water supply and food chains and may lead to wildlife deaths (ASH 2015). Another commonly used pesticide is 1,3—Dichloropropen (also known as Telone), which is highly toxic for humans, exposure to which can lead to respiratory problems, eye and skin irritation, and which may be linked to increased risk of cancer (ASH 2015).

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